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Marginal effect of electrolytic aluminum industry faces an era of competition

    Liu Xiangmin, vice president of China Aluminum Industry in China Nonferrous Metals Industry Association, a recent internal meeting to make a point, "change the development mode, it could prompt a fundamental change in the domestic aluminum consumption."

    Liu Xiangmin data provided in 2010, more than 1,600 tons of primary aluminum consumption in China, close to 16,272,000 tons in 1986, swing chain the world's total consumption of primary aluminum; is the 2009 U.S. consumption of 3.87 million tons of primary aluminum and 2.24 million tons of Japan and the 2.61 times, "So in terms of GDP per capita consumption or unit consumption of view, aluminum consumption in China have reached a very high level."

    Despite the high consumption of aluminum, but the domestic electrolytic aluminum enterprises have to face an important question is the profitability of the industry is facing a serious threat.

    Last year,iron chain China Aluminum revenues of 121 billion, up 72.19% over the same period; net profit of 778 million, realized losses. And in 2009, Chalco was only 70.28 billion yuan sales income, down 8.4%, and net profit of 4.65 billion yuan for the loss.

    Zhongfu Industry revenue of 10.826 billion yuan last year, an increase of 69.04%; but net profit was only 221 million yuan, down by 28.65%.

    In 2010, China's electrolytic aluminum output was 16.19 million tons, an increase of 26.07%, accounting for the first time, global production of more than 40%. Then electrolytic aluminum production capacity reached 22 million tons, there are still large and the proposed new electrolytic aluminum projects.

    China Nonferrous Metals Industry Association, the Department Director Li Defeng aluminum to predict, "second Five-Year" period, the aluminum industry will face a state of relative surplus of supply, with the average cost of society gradually, the profitability of the industry will continue to decrease , electrolytic aluminum industry has entered the highly competitive "marginal effect era."

    Li Defeng is expected that by 2015 the global primary aluminum production capacity of 6,000 tons, China's primary aluminum production capacity will reach 3,000 million tons, China's electrolytic aluminum output remained at 22 million tons, will be a megaton capacity of electrolytic aluminum production and processing, the basic collaborative downstream industry chain of large enterprises or groups of more than 10.

    Currently, the global aluminum production capacity has been gradually transferred to the energy-rich region. Liu Xiangmin that from an international perspective, as global energy costs rise further, especially in Europe included the possibility of the cost of carbon, aluminum production capacity will continue to the Middle East, Russia and other energy costs low regions.

    According to incomplete statistics, in 2009 to 2011 in Qatar, Russia, UAE and India, there are five items total 2.71 million tons of electrolytic aluminum production capacity; the proposed project has six, for a total capacity of 4.51 million tons.

    Domestic electrolytic aluminum is gradually transferred to the west in 2010, the domestic capacity of electrolytic aluminum in the construction of 444 tons, which is located in Gansu, Xinjiang, Qinghai, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, 68% of the region, new production capacity of about 150 million tons mainly In Ningxia, Gansu, Xinjiang, Inner Mongolia and other regions.

    In 2010, electrolytic aluminum consumption is 13,979 kwh integrated AC / ton, the industry average electricity price of more than 0.45 yuan / kWh, the highest in the world. Lide Feng said China's electrolytic aluminum industry average in the highest electricity prices in the world, electricity up to 40% of the total cost, while the foreign cost of electricity in the total cost of aluminum about 25% to 30%, with labor costs, the financial costs and increasing raw material costs, the competitiveness of China's electrolytic aluminum industry is gradually reduced.

    While the domestic transfer of aluminum to the west to lower energy costs, but an important issue facing human resources come from. Not only is aluminum, the current number of high-energy consuming industries want to transfer to the west, the use of western low-cost energy resources, but there is a human resources constraints.

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